TOLES Higher Syllabus(2016)



Higher Syllabus


‘I am the owner of a busy law firm in Kiev, Ukraine. When law graduates come to me for a job I always say to them, “Don’t tell me what you know. Show me what you can do”.’
Partner, commercial law firm, KIEV.


About the TOLES Higher Syllabus


The major aim of the Higher Exam is to build on the skills and knowledge learners have acquired at Foundation level and take them on to the next level. Legal vocabulary acquired at Foundation level is now tested in a series of very challenging tasks and learners are asked to deal with extracts from documents based on the types of examples suggested to us by leading law firms.




The focus of all of the TOLES exams is absolute accuracy, a strong legal vocabulary and familiarisation with modern legal style. All of these elements continue with this Stage 2 exam. Learners are challenged to deal with information concerning current and relevant legal topics and cases and to be absolutely accurate in areas such as collocation, preposition and legal terminology. They are also asked to deal with short yet complex extracts from contracts and to demonstrate a close understanding of them as well as providing their own definitions of specific legal terminology. Sensitivity to appropriate register is essential for the section dealing with a formal letter. In the listening section of the exam the focus is on a totally accurate understanding of conversations based on relevant legal topics.




The TOLES Higher Exam requires little or no knowledge of British or American law. It requires knowledge of useful, international legal terminology, a strong, active use of authentic grammar and a sensitivity to use of register in the following general areas:

· basic legal negotiations

· pre-contractual documents

· commercial contracts

· banking

· companies

· other forms of business

· bankruptcy and insolvency

· employment law and contracts

· the litigation process

· essential contract law

· the law of tort

· intellectual property

· real estate

· oral contracts

· an introduction to the common law

· letter writing skills

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